Document: 19312
Title: Turn Down the Heat: Why a 4C Warmer World Must be Avoided.
Author: Bank World. International Bank for Reconstruction and Development.
Source: Washington D.C; Banco Mundial; 2012. 106 p.
Keywords: CAMBIO CLIMATICO. IMPACTOS (CLIMATICOS). SALUD. RECURSO HIDRICO. AGRICULTURA. BIODIVERSIDAD. ECOSISTEMA. PROYECCION CLIMATICA.
EVALUACION (ANALISIS) DE RIESGO



   
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Content Acknowledgements
15236
  Foreword  
  Executive Summary
-Observed impacts and changes to the climate system
-Projected climate change impacts in a 4°C world
-Rising CO2 concentration and ocean acidification
-Rising sea levels, coastal inundation and loss
-Risks to human support systems: food, water, ecosystems, and human health
-Risks of disruptions and displacements in a 4°C world
 
  List of Abbreviations  
  1. Introduction  
  2. Observed Climate Changes and Impacts
-The rise of CO2 concentrations and emissions
-Rising global mean temperature
-Increasing ocean heat storage
-Rising sea levels
-Increasing loss of ice from Greenland and Antarctica
-Ocean acidification
-Loss of Arctic Sea ice
-Heat waves and extreme temperatures
-Drought and aridity trends
-Agricultural impacts
-Extreme Events in the Period 2000–12
-Possible mechanism for extreme event synchronization
-Welfare Impacts
 
  3. 21st Century Projections 21
-How likely is a 4°C world?
-CO2 concentration and ocean acidification
-Droughts and precipitation
-Tropical cyclones
 
  4. Focus: Sea-level Rise Projections
-Regional Sea-level Rise Risks
 
  5. Focus: Changes in Extreme Temperatures
-A Substantial Increase in Heat Extremes
-Shifts in Temperature by Region
-Frequency of Significantly Warmer Months
-The Impacts of More Frequent Heat Waves
 
  6. Sectoral Impacts
- Agriculture
- Water Resources
- Ecosystems and Biodiversity
- Human Healt
 
  7. System interaction and non-linearity—the need for cross-sector risk assessments
-Risks of nonlinear and cascading impacts
-Concluding remarks
 
  Appendix 1. Methods for Modeling Sea-level Rise in a 4°C World  
  Appendix 2 Methods for analyzing extreme heat waves in a 4°C world  
  Bibliography  
  Figures / Tables / Boxes